Optical polarization anisotropy on the surface of sub wavelength air-dielectric structures was studied by polarization-modulation near-field optical microscopy. A large degree of polarization anisotropy was measured in the higher topographic region of transparent gratings. In two-dimensional air-hole arrays, the larger polarization anisotropy occurs in the dielectric regions. Both dielectric and air regions have a 90° difference in the directions of maximum transmission. From calculations with the finite-difference time-domain method, we verified that diffracted light from the mesoscale topographic edges contributes to polarization anisotropy and directional differences.
|頁（從 - 到）||I38-I42|
|出版狀態||Published - 1 十一月 2004|