Techniques of the FLASH thin target experiment

R. Abbasi, T. Abu-Zayyad, K. Belov, J. Belz, D. R. Bergman, Z. Cao, F. Y. Chang, C. C. Chen, C. W. Chen, P. Chen, M. Dalton, Y. Fedorova, C. Field, C. Hast, M. A. Huang, P. Hüntemeyer*, W. Y.P. Hwang, R. Iverson, B. F. Jones, C. C.H. JuiGuey-Lin Lin, E. C. Loh, N. Manago, K. Martens, J. N. Matthews, M. Maestas, J. S.T. Ng, A. Odian, K. Reil, D. Rodriguez, J. Smith, P. Sokolsky, R. W. Springer, J. Thomas, S. Thomas, G. Thomson, D. Walz, A. Zech

*Corresponding author for this work

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2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The fluorescence yield in air is reported for wavelength and pressure ranges of interest to ultra-high energy cosmic ray detectors. A 28.5 GeV electron beam was used to excite the fluorescence. Central to the approach was the system calibration, using Rayleigh scattering of a nitrogen laser beam. In atmospheric pressure dry air, at 304 K, the yield is 20.8 ± 1.6 photons per MeV.

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