Positional and charged effects of heterocyclic N atoms on mesogenic properties of stilbazoles and analogous N-oxides

Hong-Cheu Lin, Long Li Lai, Yu Sheng Lin, Chiitang Tsai, Rong Chi Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The synthesis and the phase behavior of stilbazoles and corresponding N-oxides containing different positions of heterocyclic N atoms, i.e. trans-2′-, 3′-, 4′- stilbazoles and their N-oxides, are reported. Their phase transition temperatures and the mesogenic behavior were investigated through the DSC, polarizing optical microscope and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. Increasing dipole moments by oxidation of stilbazoles to analogous N-oxides induces the SA phase with an interdigitated bilayer packing. Both 2′-stilbazoles and analogous N-oxides do not possess mesogenic phases, which may be due that π electron polarizabilities are reduced by the molecular twist originated from dipoles along the ortho-direction. Besides, the positional effects of the N-oxides on mesogenic properties are more distinct than those of analogous stilbazoles, and new mesogenic phases have been generated by tuning the position of the N-oxide function in the charged liquid crystals. Consequently, unique mesogenic properties may be introduced through adjusting the dipolar direction and strength of the heterocyclic atoms in the molecules.

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