This article describes the design and synthesis of donor-bridge-acceptor-based semiconducting polymer dots (Pdots) that exhibit narrow-band emissions, ultrahigh brightness, and large Stokes shifts in the near-infrared (NIR) region. We systematically investigated the effect of bridges on the fluorescence quantum yields of the donor-bridge-acceptor-based Pdots. The Pdots could be excited by a 488 or 532 nm laser and have a high fluorescence quantum yield of 33% with a Stokes shift of more than 200 nm. The emission full width at half-maximum of the Pdots can be as narrow as 29 nm, about 2.5 times narrower than that of inorganic quantum dots at the same emission wavelength region. The average per-particle brightness of the Pdots is at least 3 times larger than that of the commercially available quantum dots. The excellent biocompatibility of these Pdots was demonstrated in vivo, and their specific cellular labeling capability was also approved by different cell lines. By taking advantage of the durable brightness and remarkable stability of these NIR fluorescent Pdots, we performed in vivo microangiography imaging on living zebrafish embryos and long-term tumor monitoring on mice. We anticipate these donor-bridge-acceptor-based NIR-fluorescent Pdots with narrow-band emissions to find broad use in a variety of multiplexed biological applications.