Liquid crystal alignment by polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-polyimide nanocomposites

Han Shiang Liu, Shie-Chang Jeng*

*Corresponding author for this work

研究成果: Article同行評審

17 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Polyimide (PI) films are widely used in the liquid crystal display (LCD) industry to align liquid crystal (LC) molecules in a specific orientation with a pretilt angle θp on the PI alignment films. It was observed that physical dispersion of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) nanoparticles in commercial homogenous PIs decreases the surface energy of the PI alignment films and generates a controllable θp in the range 0° < θp < 90°, which is not easily achieved by complicate PI synthesis. Characteristics of POSS-PI nanocomposites were studied to investigate the influence of POSS nanoparticles on PIs. Increased absorption in the infrared spectra and decreased decomposition temperature and glass transition temperature with POSS doped concentration in PI were observed due to the increase in free volume of POSS-PI nanocomposites. Such nanoscale hybridization suggests a novel approach to tune the properties of PIs through modification of molecular interaction. A fast response no-bias optically-compensated bend (OCB) LCD with a pretilt angle of 68° was also demonstrated in this work.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1418-1421
頁數4
期刊Optical Materials
35
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 一月 2013

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