A single-junction InGaP solar cell with polystyrene (PS) nanospheres on the surface has been developed. The self-assembly of PS nanospheres is one of the simplest and the fastest methods with which to build a 2-D closely packed periodic structure. Due to the scattering of the PS nanospheres, the light path length can be increased when compared to the InGaP solar cells without PS nanospheres on the top. An increase short-circuit current from 8.93 to 10.31 mA is improved when a single-junction InGaP solar cell is coated with PS nanospheres. The conversion efficiency measured can also be improved from 8.79% to 9.71%. The single-junction InGaP solar cell with PS nanospheres was achieved.