Determinants of CO2 emissions in BRICs

Hsiao-Tien Pao*, Chung Ming Tsai

*Corresponding author for this work

研究成果: Conference contribution同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This paper attempts to analyze the important determinants of emissions and to examines dynamic causal relationships between CO2 emissions, energy consumption, foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth within a panel vector error correction model for BRIC countries (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, and China) over the period 1978 - 2005, except for Russia (1992 - 2005). The energy consumption, real output and FDI variables affect emissions reaching 99.6%, 98.1 % and 97.0%, respectively. The causality results indicate that there is bidirectional strong causality between emissions and FDI. In the long-run, there are both emissionsenergy consumption and energy consumption-FDI bidirectional causalities, along with unidirectional causality from output to emissions, energy consumption and FDI, respectively. The short-run dynamics suggest unidirectional causality from energy consumption and emissions, respectively to real output. Therefore, in order to reduce emissions and not to adversely affect economic growth, the BRIC developing countries should increase their investment in infrastructure for energy efficiency and strengthen their energy conservation policies to reduce both energy demand and unnecessary waste.

原文English
主出版物標題2010 IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, ICSET 2010
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 十二月 2010
事件2010 IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, ICSET 2010 - Kandy, Sri Lanka
持續時間: 6 十二月 20109 十二月 2010

出版系列

名字2010 IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, ICSET 2010

Conference

Conference2010 IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, ICSET 2010
國家Sri Lanka
城市Kandy
期間6/12/109/12/10

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