Heavy rainfall and earthquakes are the two major factors inducing landslides in Taiwan. The distribution of area size is the most basic quantitative parameter of landslides. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to characterize the scale and spatial difference of rainfall-induced as compared with those of earthquake-induced landslides. Two representative landslide cases, Toraji typhoon occurred in 2001 and 921 earthquake occurred in 1999, are used to analyze the causes of different kinds of landslide disasters in the paper. The test area for the 921 earthquake case is 3700 km
, the recognized number of landslide in the event is 7279, and total area for the landslides is 14766 Ha. Moreover, the maximum area of one landslide is 532 Ha, the average area for the landslides is 2 Ha, and its corresponding standard deviation is 13 Ha. In the test case of Toraji typhoon, the total study area is 8847 km
, the number of landslides is 10359, and total area for the landslide is 22305 Ha. The maximum area of a landslide is 232 Ha, the average area for the landslides is 2.2 Ha, and its corresponding standard deviation is 6.2 Ha.