Zr11Sb18: A new binary antimonide exhibiting an unusual Sb atom network with nonclassical Sb-Sb bonding

Ingrid Elder, Chi-Shen Lee, Holger Kleinke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations


The herewith-introduced antimonides Zr11Sb18 and Zr10.4V0.6Sb18 were prepared by high-temperature techniques; both arc-melting and solid-state reactions at 1200 °C starting from α-ZrSb2 and the metals Zr and V in powder form are possible methods. These isostructural compounds represent an unprecedented metal:antimony ratio of 11:18 and form a new structure type. Zr11Sb18 crystallizes in the tetragonal space group I42d, with the lattice dimensions a = 676.94(4) pm and c = 6007.3(5) pm, while the V-containing phase forms a slightly smaller unit cell with a = 676.48(8) pm and c = 6005.6(9) pm (Z = 4). Their structures are comprised of an Sb atom substructure with several intermediate Sb-Sb bonds starting at 311 pm, which is reminiscent of that found in the series (Ti,M)5Sb8 (M = Zr, Hf, Nb, Mo) published last year. Interwoven with this network is the Zr atom network, which forms a diamond-like metal atom substructure with long Zr-Zr contacts of ca. 360 pm. Band structure calculations based on the linear muffin tin orbital approach reveal these antimonides to be mainly stabilized by strong M-Sb and intermediate Sb-Sb bonds, and additionally - to the smallest extent - by M-M bonds (M = Zr, V). In agreement with the electronic structure calculations, Zr11Sb18 is metallic with a small positive Seebeck coefficient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-545
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 11 Feb 2002

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