Zirconia-related phases in the zirconia/titanium diffusion couple after annealing at 1100°-1550°C

Kun Lin Lin, Chien-Cheng Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


A diffusion couple of 3 mol% Y2O3-ZrO2 and titanium was isothermally annealed in argon at temperatures between 1100° and 1550°C. The phases and microstructure in the ceramic side were investigated using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, both attached to an energy-dispersive spectrometer. After annealing at 1100°C/6 h, zirconia grains did not grow conspicuously and evolved only traces of oxygen, resulting in t-ZrO2-x but α-Zr. At temperatures above 1300°C, a significant amount of oxygen evolved from zirconia, reducing the O/Zr ratio, such that α-Zr was excluded from t-ZrO2-x during cooling, yielding a higher O/Zr ratio (≈ 2). When held at 1550°C/6 h, zirconia grains grew rapidly. The α-Zr was segregated on grain boundaries during cooling by the exsolution of zirconium from ZrO2-x, while twinned t′-ZrO2-x or lenticular t-ZrO2-x, which was embedded in ordered c-ZrO2-x, was found. The ordered c-ZrO2-x was identified by the 1/5 {113} superlattice reflections of its electron diffraction patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2928-2934
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2005

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