Yield behavior of zirconia-wax suspensions

Dean-Mo LIu*, Wenjea J. Tseng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the yield stress (τy) of highly concentrated zirconia-wax suspensions is investigated in terms of temperatures (58.5-85°C), solid concentrations (50-65 vol.%), and average particle sizes, (0.085-0.25 μm). A linear correlation between τy and flow resistance parameter (defined as Φ/(A - Φ), where Φ is the solid concentration and A is the apparent maximum solid concentration) for each suspension system is empirically established. Increase in temperature causes a decrease in τy, which is primarily due to a decrease in the attractive interparticle potential. Such a temperature-dependent τy becomes more pronounced as the solid concentration is increased. Decrease in the particle size gives rise to an increase in attractive force, which results in an enhancement of suspension τy. The attractive and repulsive interparticle forces which are primarily responsible for the overall behavior of suspension τy can be estimated quantitatively and separately. The change in the relative magnitude of these interparticle forces of different nature with temperature is the same as the yield value of the suspensions. The methodology proposed in this study appears to provide a valuable alternative for interparticle force and τy determination as well in real suspension systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-146
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume254
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 1998

Keywords

  • Ceramic injection molding
  • Interparticle forces
  • Yield stress
  • Zirconia-wax suspension

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