In IEEE 802.16e mobile Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX), paging groups (PGs; groups of base stations) are used to identify the locations of mobile stations (MSs). An anchor paging controller (APC) is assigned to an MS to handle location tracking for the MS. During location update, the WiMAX network may or may not relocate the APC. This paper considers a linear WiMAX base station layout for vehicle applications, where a base station serves as a roadside unit, and a WiMAX MS installed in a vehicle serves as an onboard unit. In these vehicle applications, APC relocation may significantly affect the network traffic. This paper proposes an analytic model to study the performance of the location update with/without APC relocation. Our study provides guidelines to utilize the APC relocation for vehicles with various moving behaviors.
- Intelligent transportation systems
- Location update
- Mobility management
- Paging group