Widely variable Seebeck coefficient and enhanced thermoelectric power of PEDOT:PSS films by blending thermal decomposable ammonium formate

Tsung Che Tsai, Hsiu Cheng Chang, Chun-Hua Chen*, Wha Tzong Whang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The doping effects of thermal decomposable ammonium formate (AF) from 5 to 50 wt.% on the electrical conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, and microstructures of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) films have been investigated for the first time for modern thermoelectric applications. It has been found that the Seebeck coefficient can be effectively tuned in a very wide range by varying the AF doping concentration, where a maximum value of 436.3 μV/K was obtained, i.e., ∼40 times higher in magnitude than the pure PEDOT:PSS films prepared with same processes. The greatly enhanced Seebeck coefficient is considered to be the result of reducing the carrier concentration, as evidenced by the Hall measurement. In addition, AF also plays an important role in the formation of the closed or open pores and channels within the films for phonon scattering, as can be clearly observed in the SEM images. The present work provides a new procedure to effectively control the Seebeck coefficient as well as the microstructures of PEDOT:PSS polymer by a simple blending approach with suitable thermal steps, which has not previously been reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2159-2164
Number of pages6
JournalOrganic Electronics
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Ammonium formate
  • PEDOT:PSS
  • Seebeck coefficient
  • Thermoelectric

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