Ward identities and high energy scattering amplitudes in string theory

Chuan Tsung Chan*, Pei Ming Ho, Jen-Chi Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


High-energy limit α′ → ∞ of stringy Ward identities derived from the decoupling of two types of zero-norm states in the old covariant first quantized (OCFQ) spectrum of open bosonic string are used to check the consistency of saddle point calculations of high energy scattering amplitudes of Gross and Mende and Gross and Manes. Some inconsistencies of their saddle point calculations are found even for the string-tree scattering amplitudes of the excited string states. We discuss and calculate the missing terms of the calculation by those authors to recover the stringy Ward identities. In addition, based on the tree-level stringy Ward identities, we give the proof of a general formula, which was proposed previously, of all high energy four-point string-tree amplitudes of arbitrary particles in the string spectrum. In this formula all such scattering amplitudes are expressed in terms of those of tachyons as conjectured by Gross. The formula is extremely simple which manifestly demonstrates the universal high energy behavior of the interactions among all string states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-114
Number of pages16
JournalNuclear Physics B
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - 28 Feb 2005

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