Voltage-induced pseudo-dielectric heating and its application for color tuning in a thermally sensitive cholesteric liquid crystal

Po Chang Wu, Guan Wei Wu, Chia Hua Yu, Wei Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously proposed an electrical approach enabling the tuning of the center wavelength λc of the cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) bandgap in the full-color visible spectrum based on the electro-thermal effect. The idea involved the design of a negative CLC with a thermally sensitive bandgap feature and the use of a sandwich-type cell with finite electrode conductivity, allowing the control of cell temperature by applied voltage via pseudo-dielectric heating. It has been demonstrated experimentally that the induced pseudo-dielectric heating is predominated by the pseudo-dielectric relaxation originating from the designated cell geometry. On the basis of this technique, key factors determining the tuning efficacy of the temperature and thus λc are primarily investigated in this study. Our results suggest that lowering the electrode resistivity and the specific heat conductivity of the cell can promote the maximum tunable temperature range. Expectedly, optimizing the electrode area, cell gap and dielectric permittivity of the CLC favors a decreased relaxation frequency and, in turn, reducing the voltage as well as the frequency required for λc tuning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2085-2093
Number of pages9
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume46
Issue number13-14
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Cholesteric liquid crystal
  • dielectric heating
  • electrical tuning
  • pseudo-dielectric relaxation

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