Two-phase flow pattern and friction characteristics for R-22, R-134a, and R-407C inside a 6.5 mm smooth tube are reported in this study. The range of mass flux is between 50 and 700 kg/(m2 s). The experimental data show that the two-phase friction multipliers are strongly related to the flow pattern. For a stratified, wavy flow pattern a mass-flux dependence of the multipliers is seen. The flow pattern transition for the mixture refrigerant shows a considerable delay, compared with that of pure refrigerant.
- Flow pattern
- Pressure drops