Vehicle glass distribution reliability measurement under transportation cost constraint

Cheng Ta Yeh, Yi-Kuei Lin*, Cheng Fu Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This paper explores a performance measurement model for a multi-state vehicle glass distribution system (MVGDS), where each carrier's available capacity has several states according to a probability distribution. Since vehicle glass may be broken during shipment and transportation, the amount of undamaged glass that arrives may be insufficient to meet customer demand. This situation is called transportation breakage. The performance measurement explored, namely distribution reliability, is defined as the probability that the MVGDS can successfully transport the glass to the correct locations under a transportation cost constraint. Such a performance indicator is an important decision point in improving the distribution system. A minimal-path-based network approach is proposed to model the MVGDS as a multi-state flow network measuring the system's reliability. We investigate a practical case of a Chinese vehicle glass manufacturer exporting to three overseas assemblers through its MVGDS and discuss potential quality improvements in the MVGDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-263
Number of pages21
JournalEuropean Journal of Industrial Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Distribution reliability
  • Minimal path
  • Multi-state distribution system
  • Network approach
  • Performance measurement
  • Transportation breakage
  • Transportation cost
  • Vehicle glass distribution

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