Variable liquid crystal pretilt angles generated by photoalignment in homeotropically aligned azo dye-doped liquid crystals

Andy Ying Guey Fuh, Cheng Kai Liu, Ko Ting Cheng, Chi Lung Ting, Che Chang Chen, Chang-Po Chao, Hsu Kuan Hsu

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This letter demonstrates the feasibility of producing variable liquid crystal (LC) pretilt angles using light-induced ripple structures (LIRSs) in homeotropically aligned azo dye-doped liquid crystals (ADDLCs). Illuminating homeotropically aligned ADDLCs with a linearly polarized light for a suitable period yields the LIRSs which provide LCs an anisotropic homogeneous anchoring force. Experimentally, the effective alignment force produced by the homeotropic alignment layer and the LIRSs determines the LC pretilt angle (24° to 63.5°), defined from the normal to the substrate. A no-bias pi cell for liquid crystal displays is demonstrated using this approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number161104
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume95
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2009

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