UVA light-emitting diode grown on Si substrate with enhanced electron and hole injections

Zi Hui Zhang, Chunshuang Chu, Ching Hsueh Chiu, Tien-Chang Lu, Luping Li, Yonghui Zhang, Kangkai Tian, Mengqian Fang, Qian Sun, Hao-Chung Kuo*, Wengang Bi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


In this work, III-nitride based ~370 nm UVA light-emitting diodes (LEDs) grown on Si substrates are demonstrated. We also reveal the impact of the AlN composition in the AlGaN quantum barrier on the carrier injection for the studied LEDs. We find that, by properly increasing the AlN composition, both the electron and hole concentrations in the multiple quantum wells (MQWs) are enhanced. We attribute the increased electron concentration to the better electron confinement within the MQW region when increasing the AlN composition for the AlGaN barrier. The improved hole concentration in the MQW region is ascribed to the reduced hole blocking effect by the p-type electron blocking layer (p-EBL). This is enabled by the reduced density of the polarization-induced positive charges at the AlGaN last quantum barrier (LB)/p-EBL interface, which correspondingly suppresses the hole depletion at the AlGaN LB/p-EBL interface and decreases the valence band barrier height for the p-EBL. As a result, the optical power is improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4533-4536
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

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