Using Schottky Barrier Diode to Improve Latch-Up Immunity for CMOS ICs Operating With Negative Voltage Sources

Rong-Kun Chang, Ming-Dou Ker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


For some applications, the CMOS ICs need to be supplied with positive and negative voltage sources for the desired circuit operations. To supply the negative voltage source for circuit operations in the silicon chip with the common p-type substrate grounded, the isolation rings configured with n-well (NW) and deep n-well (DNW) layers must be used to isolate the circuits of nMOS devices operating with negative voltage from the common P-substrate. Such NW/DNW isolation rings in the circuit layouts are often connected to ground (GND =0V) for the circuit operations with negative voltage source. But, a parasitic p-n-p-n path from I/O pMOS to this grounded NW/DNW isolation ring may cause the circuits at high risk to latch-up. In this letter, a novel method to improve latch-up immunity against such parasitic p-n-p-n path by using a Schottky junction is reported.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9339914
Pages (from-to)395-397
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Electron Device Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Junctions
  • Electrostatic discharges
  • Schottky barriers
  • Integrated circuits
  • CMOS process
  • Pins
  • Current measurement
  • Latch-up
  • silicon-controlled rectifier (SCR)
  • Schottky junction
  • Schottky barrier diode (SBD)
  • negative voltage supply
  • deep n-well (DNW)

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