Using ontology-based patent informatics to describe the intellectual property portfolio of an e-commerce order fulfillment process

Abby P.T. Hsu*, Charles V. Trappey, Amy J.C. Trappey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electronic commerce (EC) is the process of selling and buying goods or services through an online platform used for conducting the necessary business communications and transactions for sellers and buyers over the Internet. EC companies sell products online with an emphasis on running the entire supply chain process efficiently. The business processes, that enterprises use to conduct ecommerce business, are quite valuable and can be treated as intellectual properties (IPs). Business method patents provide inventors and enterprises with protection for the unique business process. The United States provides business method patent owners an exclusive IP right for 20 years. A good quality business method patent is considered a powerful and effective tool to generate revenue and bar potential competitors from duplicating the practices. Patent analysis can assist companies in evaluating their business strategies or redesign their business processes. Grouping patent documents and defining a domain ontology helps companies describe technology trends and innovations. This research uses Amazon's business processes as a case example to conduct business method patent analysis, particularly considering order fulfillment as a key method to manage inventory and purchase orders. An EC ontology schema is constructed based on the key EC business processes and key-phrase extraction from the patents. Understanding Amazon's patents and their relationships to the business process, other EC enterprises can examine their own patents' strategic strengths and weaknesses. In addition, they can prevent their business processes not to infringe upon existing EC patents.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransdisciplinary Lifecycle Analysis of Systems - Proceedings of the 22nd ISPE Inc. International Conference on Concurrent Engineering, CE 2015
EditorsNel Wognum, Milton Borsato, Josip Stjepandic, Wim J.C. Verhagen, Nel Wognum, Richard Curran, Richard Curran
PublisherIOS Press BV
Pages62-70
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781614995432
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015
Event22nd ISPE Inc. International Conference on Concurrent Engineering, CE 2015 - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 20 Jul 201523 Jul 2015

Publication series

NameAdvances in Transdisciplinary Engineering
Volume2

Conference

Conference22nd ISPE Inc. International Conference on Concurrent Engineering, CE 2015
CountryNetherlands
CityDelft
Period20/07/1523/07/15

Keywords

  • Business method
  • E-commerce
  • Ontology
  • Patent

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