Using gadolinium ions as affinity probes to selectively enrich and magnetically isolate bacteria from complex samples

Jia-Lin Wei, De-Yi Huang, Yu-Chie Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Magnetic trapping has been employed in the development of analytical methods owing to its ease and simplicity in handling samples. Nevertheless, the generation of functional probes is usually time consuming. A new and simple affinity method that uses gadolinium ion (Gd3+), a magnetic ion, as affinity probe for magnetic tapping of pathogenic bacteria was demonstrated in the present study. Escherichia coli O157:H7, Staphylococcus aureus, and Acinetobacter baumannii were selected as model bacteria. The model bacteria were magnetically isolated after incubation in Tris buffer (pH 8) containing Gd3+ (0.1 M) under microwave heating (power: 180 W, 90 s x 3). The resultant Gd3+-bacterium conjugates possessed sufficient magnetism, resulting in magnetic aggregations by an external magnet (similar to 4,000 Gauss). For ease of magnetic isolation, the sample containing Gd3+-bacterium complexes was stirred by a small magnet. After 1 h, the magnet attached with precipitates, i.e., Gd3+-bacterium conjugates, was readily removed using a pair of tweezers. The bacteria in the resultant conjugates were characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. The limits of detection of the current approach toward E. coli O157:H7, S. aureus, and A. baumannii in complex samples were similar to 10(4)-10(5) cells mL(-1). (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume1113
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 May 2020

Keywords

  • Gadolinium ion
  • Bacteria
  • Affinity
  • Magnetic trapping
  • DESORPTION IONIZATION-TIME
  • MASS-SPECTROMETRY
  • IMMUNOMAGNETIC SEPARATION
  • NANOPARTICLES
  • SALMONELLA
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • ACRYLAMIDE
  • INFECTION
  • PATHOGENS
  • STRATEGY

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