Using differential SAR interferometry to map land subsidence: A case study in the Pingtung Plain of SW Taiwan

Chia Sheng Hsieh, Tian-Yuan Shih*, Jyr Ching Hu, Hsin Tung, Mong Han Huang, Jacques Angelier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry (InSAR) is a geodetic tool widely applied in the studies of earth-surface deformation. This technique has the benefits of high spatial resolution and centimetre-scale accuracy. Differential SAR interferometry (DInSAR) is used to measure ground deformation with repeat-pass SAR images. This study applied DInSAR and persistent scatterers InSAR (PSInSAR) for detecting land subsidence in the Pingtung Plain, southern Taiwan, between 1995 and 2000. In recent years, serious land subsidence occurred along coastal regions of Taiwan as a consequence of over-pumping of underground water. Results of this study revealed that the critical subsidence region is located on the coast near the estuary of Linpien River. It is also found that subsidence was significantly higher during the dry season than the wet season. The maximum annual subsidence rate of the dry season is up to -11.51 cm/year in critical subsidence region and the vertical land movement rate is much slower during the wet season. The average subsidence rates in wet and dry seasons are -0.31 and -3.37 cm/year, respectively. As a result, the subsidence rate in dry seasons is about 3 cm larger than in wet seasons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1311-1332
Number of pages22
JournalNatural Hazards
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2011

Keywords

  • DInSAR
  • Land subsidence
  • Pingtung Plain
  • PSInSAR
  • SAR inteferometry

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