Universal conductance fluctuations in indium tin oxide nanowires

Ping Yu Yang*, L. Y. Wang, Yao Wen Hsu, Juhn-Jong Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Magnetic-field-dependent universal conductance fluctuations (UCFs) are observed in weakly disordered indium tin oxide nanowires from 0.26 K up to ∼25 K. The fluctuation magnitudes increase with decreasing temperature, reaching a fraction of e2/h at T 1 K. The shape of the UCF patterns is found to be very sensitive to thermal cycling of the sample to room temperature, which induces irreversible impurity reconfigurations. On the other hand, the UCF magnitudes are insensitive to thermal cycling. Our measured temperature dependence of the root-mean-square UCF magnitudes is compared with the existing theory. A notable discrepancy is found, which seems to imply that the experimental UCFs are not cut off by the thermal diffusion length L T, as would be expected by the theoretical prediction when L T<L, where L is the electron dephasing length. The approximate electron dephasing length is inferred from the UCF magnitudes and compared with that extracted from the weak-localization magnetoresistance studies. A reasonable semiquantitative agreement is observed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085423
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume85
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Feb 2012

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