An ultrathin body InAs tunneling field-effect transistor on Si substrate is demonstrated by using an epitaxial layer transfer technique. A postgrowth, zinc surface doping approach is used for the formation of a p+ source contact which minimizes lattice damage to the ultrathin body InAs compared to ion implantation. The transistor exhibits gated negative differential resistance behavior under forward bias, confirming the tunneling operation of the device. In this device architecture, the ON current is dominated by vertical band-to-band tunneling and is thereby less sensitive to the junction abruptness. The work presents a device and materials platform for exploring III-V tunnel transistors.