Ultrasensitivity of self-powered wireless triboelectric vibration sensor for operating in underwater environment based on surface functionalization of rice husks

Sz Nian Lai, Chih Kai Chang, Cheng Shiun Yang, Chun Wei Su, Chyi Ming Leu, Ying-hao Chu, Pao Wen Sha, Jyh Ming Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate the self-powered wireless triboelectric vibration sensor as made from the naturally nanoporous SiO 2 particles for allowing the detection of the vibrations and movement in the underwater environment. The nanoporous SiO 2 particles are directly converted from the rice husks (referred to as RH SiO2 ), which exhibit strongly interacting surface hydroxyl groups. Through the enzymatic treatments, the surface potential of the RH SiO2 particles can be modulated to obtain either an extremely low or strongly high electronegativity. Specifically, by adding fluorinated groups using fluoroalkylsilane (FOTS) treatment to obtain RH SiO2 -F, the charge density of the RH SiO2 -F triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) can be enhanced ∼ 56.67-fold as compared to the untreated RH SiO2 -TENG. The power density of the RH SiO2 -F TENG is increased from 0.077 mWm −2 to 261 mWm −2 . The RH SiO2 -F particles are encapsulated in a quartz cube to fabricate a self-powered wireless sensor that can be stabilized for operating in an underwater environment at various temperatures. The theoretical calculation further demonstrates that the triboelectric potential is dramatically established between the surface functionalized RH SiO2 -F particles and the quartz's surface. With porous nature of rice husks covered with nano-Si is of a high functionality for designing a new-type TENG which has a great potential to apply in the environmental monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-723
Number of pages9
JournalNano Energy
Volume60
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Rice husks
  • Self-powered wireless sensor
  • Surface functionalization
  • Triboelectric nanogenerator

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