The internal conversion of photo-excited pyrazine, which occurs rapidly on a time scale of about 20 fs, has long been considered to proceed via a conical intersection between the optically bright S-2 (B-1(2u), pi pi*) and dark S-1 (B-1(3u), n pi*) states. Since 2008, several theoretical studies have raised the possibility that other dark states S-3 ((1)A(u), n pi*) and S-4 (B-1(2g), n pi*) may participate dominantly in the early stage of the nonradiative decay of S-2. To clarify this issue, being motivated by the recent pump-probe experiment by Horio et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 145 (2016) 044306], we calculated vacuum ultraviolet photoelectron spectra for ionization from each of the four excited states. Comparison was made with the measured time-resolved photoelectron spectrum exhibiting a temporally varying multi-band structure. We confirmed no contribution of S-3 or S-4 and thus the validity of the conventional two-state (S-2 -> S-1) picture for ultrafast nonradiative transition in pyrazine.
- Pyrazine; Internal conversion; Dark states; Vacuum ultraviolet laser; Photoelectron spectrum
- INTERNAL-CONVERSION DYNAMICS; S1-S2 CONICAL INTERSECTION; NONADIABATIC DYNAMICS; MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS; ELECTRONIC STATES; SPECTROSCOPY; ABSORPTION; IONIZATION; PROBE; PUMP