Tuning of Wavelengths: Synthesis and Photophysical Studies of Iridium Complexes and Their Applications in Organic Light Emitting Devices

Inamur R. Laskar, Teng-Ming Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

198 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have prepared and characterized a series of substituted 2-phenylbenzthiazole (4-CF3, 4-Me, 4-OMe, 4-F, 4-CN, and 3-F) ligands. The intermediate di-irrido and the six-coordinated mononuclear iridium(III) dopants of the above ligands have been synthesized and characterized. These complexes are thermally stable between 275 and 300 °C depending upon the types and volatility of substituents. They emit bright yellow to orange light. The peak emission wavelengths of the dopants can be finely tuned depending upon the electronic properties of the substituents as well as their positions in the ring. In the absorption spectra, the 1MLCT and 3MLCT transitions have been resolved in the range of 385-450 nm. The long tail toward lower energies are assigned to 3MLCT and 3π-π* transitions, which gains intensity by mixing with the higher lying 1MLCT state through the spin-orbit coupling of iridium(III). All complexes exhibit one electron oxidation and the oxidation potential values can be correlated with the Hammett substituent constants. The electroluminescent characteristics for the substituted and the unsubstituted complexes have been compared and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Jan 2004

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