Anti-idiotype (Id) antibodies (Abs) have been shown to be effective in treatment of B-cell lymphoma in animal models and in clinical trials. The combination of interleukin-2 (IL-2) can augment the therapeutic effect of anti-Id Abs. To further improve the power of the combined therapy, a monoclonal anti-Id Ab, S5A8, specifically recognizing a murine B-cell lymphoma 38C13, was genetically modified to contain the IL-2 domain and thus use the unique targeting ability of Abs to direct IL-2 to the tumor site. Two forms of the anti-Id-IL-2 fusion proteins were constructed: one configuration consisting of mouse-human chimeric IgG (chS5A8-IL-2) and the other containing only the variable light (V(L)) and variable heavy (V(H)) Ab domains covalently connected by a peptide linker (scFvS5A8-IL-2). Both forms of the anti-Id-IL-2 fusion proteins retained IL-2 biological activities and were equivalent in potentiating tumor cell lysis in vitro. In contrast, the antigen-binding ability of scFvS5A8-IL-2 was 30- to 40-fold lower than that of the bivalent chS5A8-IL-2. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed that scFvS5A8- IL-2 was eliminated about 20 times faster than chS5A8-IL-2. Finally, it was shown that chS5A8-IL-2 was very proficient in inhibiting 38C13 tumor growth in vivo, more effectively than a combined therapy with anti-Id Abs and IL-2, whereas scFvS5A8-IL-2 did not show any therapeutic effect. These results demonstrate that the anti-Id-IL-2 fusion protein represents a potent reagent for treatment for B-cell lymphoma and that the intact IgG fusion protein is far more effective than its single-chain counterpart.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - 15 Sep 1998|