Our group has utilized a step-scan FTIR spectrometer operating in the absorption mode to characterize transient species in chemical reactions upon photo-irradiation of gaseous mixtures in a multipass White cell. The operational temporal resolution is typically 1-10 μs with spectral resolution 0.1-4 cm-1, depending on conditions. The acquisition of both ac- and dc-coupled signals enables an extraction of minute changes in the large background signal to attain a typical detectable absorbance variation greater than 1 × 10-4. By consideration of reaction mechanisms and comparison of vibrational wave numbers, IR intensities, and rotational contours predicted with theoretical calculations, we have assigned IR absorption bands of many important atmospheric free radicals and unstable species including their conformers, such as ClCO, ClSO, ClCS, ClCOOH, CH3SO2, CH3SOO, CH3OSO, CH3SO, CH3OO, CH3C(O)OO, CH2OO C6H5CO, C 6H5SO2, and C6H5C(O)OO. The advantages and limitations of this technique to perform spectral and kinetic investigations of transient species in chemical reactions are discussed.
- Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy
- Free radicals
- Transient absorption