Time requirement for rapid-mixing in coagulation

Chichuan Kan, Ch-Hpin Huang*, Jill Ruhsing Pan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations


Mechanisms of coagulation have been widely investigated by many researchers. Little is understood about the critical role of rapid-mixing in water treatment. In this study, a photometric dispersion analyzer (PDA) was employed to monitor clay coagulation by alum and polymeric aluminum chloride (PACl). The effect of rapid-mixing time on particle removal was studied. A standard jar test was performed to determine the degree of destabilization of particles. Maximum ratio outputs of PDA measurements were inversely related to residual turbidities. Adequate rapid-mixing times evaluated from both PDA and mixing tests were close to each other. Studies of coagulation mechanisms at various rapid-mixing times indicated that mixing time had significant impact on charge neutralization and sweep coagulation. The difference in residual turbidity can be attributed to the characteristics of microflocs. The rise in residual turbidity in sweep coagulation suggested the breakage of microflocs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - 25 Apr 2002


  • Coagulation
  • Photometric dispersion analyzer (PDA)
  • Rapid-mixing
  • Turbidity
  • Water treatment

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