Threading dislocation reduction in three-dimensionally grown GaN islands on Si (111) substrate with AlN/AlGaN buffer layers

Shane Chang, Lin Lung Wei, Tien Tung Luong, Ching Chang, Li Chang

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three-dimensional GaN island growth without any masks was first introduced under high pressure in metalorganic chemical vapor deposition after the growth of AlN and AlGaN buffer layers on Si (111) substrate, followed by two-dimensional GaN growth to form a continuous GaN film with improvement of the crystalline quality and surface smoothness. X-ray diffraction and cross-sectional scanning transmission electron microscopy analyses show that a high-quality GaN film can be achieved by bending of edge threading dislocations (TDs) and the formation of dislocation half-loops. It is observed that most of edge TDs bend 90° from the growth direction along c-axis, whereas mixed TDs bend about 30° towards the inclined sidewall facets of the islands. Consequently, a 1.2 μm thick GaN epitaxial film with a low threading dislocation density of 2.5 × 108 cm-2 and a smooth surface of 0. 38 nm roughness can be achieved on Si substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105306
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume122
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Sep 2017

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