Thickness dependence of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 magnetoelectric interfaces

Jinling Zhou, Vu Thanh Tra, Shuai Dong, Robbyn Trappen, Matthew A. Marcus, Catherine Jenkins, Charles Frye, Evan Wolfe, Ryan White, Srinivas Polisetty, Jiunn-Yuan Lin, James M. Lebeau, Ying-hao Chu, Mikel Barry Holcomb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Magnetoelectric materials have great potential to revolutionize electronic devices due to the coupling of their electric and magnetic properties. Thickness varying La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO)/PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 (PZT) heterostructures were built and measured in this article by valence sensitive x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The sizing effects of the heterostructures on the LSMO/PZT magnetoelectric interfaces were investigated through the behavior of Mn valence, a property associated with the LSMO magnetization. We found that Mn valence increases with both LSMO and PZT thickness. Piezoresponse force microscopy revealed a transition from monodomain to polydomain structure along the PZT thickness gradient. The ferroelectric surface charge may change with domain structure and its effects on Mn valence were simulated using a two-orbital double-exchange model. The screening of ferroelectric surface charge increases the electron charges in the interface region, and greatly changes the interfacial Mn valence, which likely plays a leading role in the interfacial magnetoelectric coupling. The LSMO thickness dependence was examined through the combination of two detection modes with drastically different attenuation depths. The different length scales of these techniques' sensitivity to the atomic valence were used to estimate the depth dependence Mn valence. A smaller interfacial Mn valence than the bulk was found by globally fitting the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141603
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume107
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Oct 2015

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