Thermal stability of the Al/Pd x W 100-x /Si contact systems

M. Eizenberg*, R. D. Thompson, King-Ning Tu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Interactions of thin films of Al and Pd-W alloys (Pd 8 0 W 20 and Pd 20 W 80 ) deposited on Si and on SiO 2 have been studied using Auger-electron spectroscopy, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, x-ray diffraction, and forward current-voltage measurements of Schottky-barrier height. For the bilayer films deposited on the inert substrate of SiO 2 , Pd reacts with Al, forming Al-rich Al-Pd intermetallic compounds at 400 °C. Furthermore, in the Pd-rich alloys (Pd 8 0 W 20 ) Al permeates through the whole alloy film readily at 500 °C, while in the W-rich Pd 20 W 80 the integrity of the alloy film is preserved even following annealing at 600 °C. For the bilayer films deposited on single-crystal Si, the results of annealing show extraction of Pd to both sides of the alloy, forming Pd 2 Si at the Si side and Al-Pd intermetallic compounds at the Al side. In the case of the Pd-rich alloy (Al/Pd 80 W 20 /Si) contact deterioration due to Al penetration to the substrate interface is observed at 500 °C and possibly at 400 °C. In the case of the W-rich alloy (Al/Pd 2 0 W 80 /Si) the stability of the contact is preserved even following annealing at 550 °C for 30 min; the structure after the annealing is Al-Pd/Pd-W/Pd 2 Si/Si. The W-rich alloy is very promising for contact applications in Si devices due to the fact that both a shallow silicide contact and a built-in diffusion barrier are simultaneously obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1886-1892
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1985

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