美國抗生素動物用藥之管制: 政策與法律觀點

Translated title of the contribution: The U.S. Approach on Phasing out Certain Antibiotic Use in Food Animals: Policy and Legal Perspective

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anti-biotics have proved effective in treating illness caused by bacteria. Further, they may promote the growth of food animals. Nevertheless, the overuse has led to the problem of drug resistance in human. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had managed to solve the rampant use of anti-biotics by food animal industry by initialing the withdrawal of New Animal Drug Application (NADA) for certain antibiotic drugs. But, the move was suspended because of the disagreement of Congress.
Given the antimicrobial resistance has increasingly constituted a public health crisis, FDA finally decided to tackle the problem more seriously. FDA announced the plan to phase out certain antibiotic use in animal feeding on December 2013. Instead of reinstating the original withdrawal process, FDA tends to end the use for growth promoting purpose on a voluntary basis. The approach has recently been challenged by a civil society for its failure to comply with the mandate of the law. This paper aims to analyze the judicial review on this administrative discretion. Further, the advantage and problems of the voluntary policy will be revealed.
Translated title of the contributionThe U.S. Approach on Phasing out Certain Antibiotic Use in Food Animals: Policy and Legal Perspective
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)172-185
Number of pages14
Journal月旦法學雜誌
Issue number246
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Anti-Biotics
  • FDA
  • New Animal Drug Application
  • Judicial Review
  • Voluntary Policy

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