The secret-open watermarking scheme for ownership verification

Min-Jen Tsai*, T. H. Ho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An algorithm by adopting private and public watermark methodology is proposed where the characteristic between the original image and the embedding watermark with visible content is utilized to form a two-stage verification process: secret-open watermarking. Performance analysis shows that the design scheme provides sufficient ownership right verification mechanism and strong robustness under attack.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-206
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Applications in Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 10 May 2004


  • Authentication
  • Digital watermarking
  • Verification

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