The prevalence of giardia and cryptosporidium in taiwan water supplies

Bing Mu Hsu, Ch-Hpin Huang*, Guo Ying Jiang, Chih Li Lilian Hsu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Giardia and Cryptosporidium have emerged as waterborne pathogens of concern. Thirty-one water samples were collected from nine potable water treatment plants in Taiwan and investigated for the presence of Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts. The immunofluorescence assay was used for the simultaneous detection of cysts and oocysts. The frequency of occurrence of cysts was 77.8% for Giardia and 72.2% for Cryptosporidium in 18 raw water samples. Ten out of 13 samples collected from treated water samples showed the presence of cysts, while in 5 out of 13 treated water samples oocysts were detected. The risk assessment for adverse human effects arising from the presence of cysts and oocysts indicates the possibility of waterborne transmission of Giardia and Cryptosporidium infection in Taiwan if water is not adequately treated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-160
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999

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