The interpretation of very high frequency band of instantaneous pulse rate variability during paced respiration

Chia Chi Chang, Hung Yi Hsu, Tzu-Chien Hsiao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Pulse rate (PR) indicates heart beat rhythm and contains various intrinsic characteristics of peripheral regulation. Pulse rate variability (PRV) is a reliable method to assess autonomic nervous system function quantitatively as an effective alternative to heart rate variability. However, the frequency range of PRV is limited by the temporal resolution of PR based on heart rate and it is further restricted the exploration of optimal autoregulation frequency based on spectral analysis.Methods: Recently, a new novel method, called instantaneous PRV (iPRV), was proposed. iPRV breaks the limitation of temporal resolution and extends the frequency band. Moreover, iPRV provides a new frequency band, called very high frequency band (VHF; 0.4-0.9 Hz).Results: The results showed that the VHF indicated the influences of respiratory maneuvers (paced respiration at 6-cycle and 30-cycle) and the nonstationary condition (head-up tilt; HUT).Conclusions: VHF is as a potential indication of autoregulation in higher frequency range and with peripheral regulation. It helps for the frequency exploration of cardiovascular autoregulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number46
JournalBioMedical Engineering Online
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Empirical mode decomposition
  • Hilbert-Huang transform
  • Pulse rate variability

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