This study investigates the usefulness of auditors' opinions, market factors, macroeconomic factors, and industry factors in predicting financial distress of Taiwanese firms. Specifically, two non-traditional auditors' opinions are evaluated: "long-term investment audited by other auditors" ("other auditor"), and "realized investment income based on non-audited financial statements" ("no auditor"). The results of the 22 discrete-time hazard models show that "other auditor" opinions have incremental contribution in predicting financial distress, in addition to "going concern" opinions. This suggests that "other auditor" opinions possess higher risk of overstating earnings and firms with such income items are more likely to fail. Besides, we find that the macroeconomic factors studied significantly explain financial distress. Particularly, the survivals of electronic firms are more sensitive to earnings due to higher earnings fluctuations in such firms. Finally, models with auditors' opinions, market factors, macroeconomic factors, and industry factors perform better than the financial ratio-only model in financial distress prediction.
|Number of pages||38|
|Journal||Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies|
|State||Published - 22 Oct 2009|
- Auditors' opinion
- Discrete-time hazard model
- Earnings quality
- Financial distress