The growth of pine-leaf-like hierarchical SnO2 nanostructures

Chang Fu Dee, Teck Yaw Tiong, Binni Varghese, Chorng Haur Sow, Yuan Yee Wong, Ishaq Ahmad, G. Husnain, Edward Yi-Chang, Yu Lin Hsiao, Hung Wei Yu, Hong Quan Nguyen, Muhamad Mat Salleh, Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Pine-leaf-like SnO2 hierarchical nanostructures (NSs) were grown by a two-step vapour transport deposition process with a combination of vapour-solid and vapour-liquid-solid mechanisms at the primary and secondary processes, respectively. This type of hierarchical structure consisted of SnO2 trunk with homo-branching nanowires (NWs). The branched NWs connected the trunk NWs at included angles of 56° and 90° for two different types of hierarchical NSs. Based on the thermodynamic calculation, the formation of branched NWs at those angles are all energetically favourable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-921
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Nanoscience
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • branching
  • hierarchical
  • nanowire
  • tin oxide

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