The Clinical Application of the Deep Learning Technique for Predicting Trigger Origins in Patients With Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation With Catheter Ablation

Chih Min Liu, Shih Lin Chang, Hung-Hsun Chen, Wei Shiang Chen, Yenn Jiang Lin, Li Wei Lo, Yu Feng Hu, Fa Po Chung, Tze Fan Chao, Ta Chuan Tuan, Jo Nan Liao, Chin Yu Lin, Ting Yung Chang, Cheng I. Wu, Ling Kuo, Mei Han Wu, Chun Ku Chen, Ying Yueh Chang, Yang Che Shiu, Henry Horng Shing LuShih Ann Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Non-pulmonary vein (NPV) trigger has been reported as an important predictor of recurrence post-atrial fibrillation ablation. Elimination of NPV triggers can reduce the recurrence of postablation atrial fibrillation. Deep learning was applied to preablation pulmonary vein computed tomography geometric slices to create a prediction model for NPV triggers in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 521 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation who underwent catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Among them, pulmonary vein computed tomography geometric slices from 358 patients with nonrecurrent atrial fibrillation (1-3 mm interspace per slice, 20-200 slices for each patient, ranging from the upper border of the left atrium to the bottom of the heart, for a total of 23 683 images of slices) were used in the deep learning process, the ResNet34 of the neural network, to create the prediction model of the NPV trigger. There were 298 (83.2%) patients with only pulmonary vein triggers and 60 (16.8%) patients with NPV triggers±pulmonary vein triggers. The patients were randomly assigned to either training, validation, or test groups, and their data were allocated according to those sets. The image datasets were split into training (n=17 340), validation (n=3491), and testing (n=2852) groups, which had completely independent sets of patients. RESULTS: The accuracy of prediction in each pulmonary vein computed tomography image for NPV trigger was up to 82.4±2.0%. The sensitivity and specificity were 64.3±5.4% and 88.4±1.9%, respectively. For each patient, the accuracy of prediction for a NPV trigger was 88.6±2.3%. The sensitivity and specificity were 75.0±5.8% and 95.7±1.8%, respectively. The area under the curve for each image and patient were 0.82±0.01 and 0.88±0.07, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The deep learning model using preablation pulmonary vein computed tomography can be applied to predict the trigger origins in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation receiving catheter ablation. The application of this model may identify patients with a high risk of NPV trigger before ablation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e008518
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • ablation
  • artificial intelligence
  • atrial fibrillation
  • deep learning
  • trigger

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