Tertiary nitrogen removal using simultaneous partial nitrification, anammox and denitrification (SNAD) process in packed bed reactor

W. H. Chen*, Y. A. Chiang, Y. T. Huang, S. Y. Chen, S. Sung, Jih-Gaw Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study aimed to polish wastewater effluent from an activated treatment system for nitrogen removal by a packed bed bioreactor (PBR). The nitrogen removal via simultaneous partial nitrification, anammox and denitrification (SNAD) process was investigated with different hydraulic retention times (HRTs). The results show that both effluent ammonia- and nitrate-nitrogen concentrations approached to 0 mg/L at the HRT as low as 3 h. The total nitrogen removal efficiency decreased from an average of 84% at both 18- and 24-h HRTs to 38% at 3-h HRT. This low nitrogen removal efficiency was due to the presence of incomplete degradation of organic nitrogen at shorter HRTs. The analysis using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction resolves that the ratio of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) to the domain Eubacteria changed limited in the range between 2.8 and 4.0% during the continuous operation. Meanwhile, the nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) increased from 0.0 to 2.9% when the HRT was gradually reduced to 3 h. The anammox bacteria accounting for 30.5% of microbial consortia dominated the AOB and the NOB at the 3-h HRT. In sum, inorganic form of nitrogen in a typical wastewater plant effluent could be efficiently polished via SNAD process in the PBR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Volume120
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • Ammonia-nitrogen
  • Anammox
  • Municipal wastewater
  • Packed bed reactor
  • SNAD
  • Tertiary treatment

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