Ternary Au/ZnO/rGO nanocomposites electrodes for high performance electrochemical storage devices

Manchal Chaudhary, Ruey an Doong*, Nagesh Kumar, Tseung-Yuen Tseng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The combination of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles with reduced graphene oxides (rGO) is an active electrode material for electrochemical storage devices. Herein, we have, for the first time, reported the fabrication of ternary Au/ZnO/rGO nanocomposites by using a rapid and environmentally friendly microwave-assisted hydrothermal method for high performance supercapacitor applications. The ZnO/rGO provides excellent electrical conductivity and good macro/mesopore structures, which can facilitate the rapid electrons and ions transport. The Au nanoparticles with particle sizes of 7–12 nm are homogeneously distributed onto the ZnO/rGO surface to enhance the electrochemical performance by retaining the capacitance at high current density. The Au/ZnO/rGO nanocomposites, prepared with the optimized rGO amount of 100 mg exhibit a high specific capacitance of 875 and 424 F g −1 at current densities of 1 and 20 A g −1 , respectively, in 2 M KOH. In addition, the energy and power densities of ternary Au/ZnO/rGO can be up to 17.6–36.5 Wh kg −1 and 0.27–5.42 kW kg −1 , respectively. Results obtained in this study clearly demonstrate the excellence of ternary Au/ZnO/rGO nanocomposites as the active electrode materials for electrochemical pseudocapacitor performance and can open an avenue to fabricate metal/metal oxide/rGO nanocomposites for electrochemical storage devices with both high energy and power densities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-128
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume420
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Au nanoparticles
  • Energy density
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Supercapacitor
  • Zinc oxide

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