Many TCP-friendly congestion control schemes have been proposed to pursue the TCP-equivalence criterion, which states that a TCP-equivalent flow should have the same throughput with TCP if it experiences identical network conditions as TCP. Additionally, the throughput should converge as fast as TCP when the packet-loss conditions change. This study classifies eight typical TCP-friendly schemes according to their underlying policies on fairness, aggressiveness, and responsiveness. The schemes are evaluated to verify whether they meet TCP-equivalence and TCPequal share. TCP-equal share is a more realistic but more challenging criterion than TCP-equivalence and states that a flow should have the same throughput with TCP if competing with TCP for the same bottleneck. Simulation results indicate that one of the selected schemes, TCP-friendly rate control (TFRC), meets both criteria under more testing scenarios than the others. Additionally, the results under nonperiodic losses, low-multiplexing, two-state losses, and bursty losses reveal the causes that bring fault cases to the schemes. Finally, appropriate policies are recommended for an ideal scheme.