System architecting and system-on-chip design of intelligent sensor networks for active volcanoes

Wai-Chi  Fang*, Sharon Kedar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, an intelligent surveillance system using sensor networks for monitoring active volcanoes has been presented. While wireless sensor networks can generically be used for a wide variety of applications, breakthrough innovations are most often achieved when driven by a genuine need or application, with its specific system-level and science-related requirements and objectives. Hence, our work focuses on the development of a specific surveillance system for active volcanoes. We combine sensor network system engineering with systems-on-chip implementation to develop an integrated surveillance system called Sensor Networks for Active Volcanoes (SNAV). We report SNAV specific science-related requirements and system-level operations for this surveillance system. Development of the SNAV node system-on-chip (SoC) is then presented. A rapid SoC prototyping of the control and computing subsystem was implemented as an exploratory device based on reconfigurable SoC platform architecture. A low-power radio was developed as an embedded wireless communication core for SNAV system-on-chip designs. The success of this work enables low-power, low-cost sensor networks for intelligent surveillance system applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2008 IEEE International Systems Conference Proceedings, SysCon 2008
Pages306-313
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Aug 2008
Event2008 IEEE International Systems Conference Proceedings, SysCon 2008 - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: 7 Apr 200810 Apr 2008

Publication series

Name2008 IEEE International Systems Conference Proceedings, SysCon 2008

Conference

Conference2008 IEEE International Systems Conference Proceedings, SysCon 2008
CountryCanada
CityMontreal, QC
Period7/04/0810/04/08

Keywords

  • Intelligent surveillance system
  • Sensor networks
  • System-on-chip
  • Volcano monitoring system
  • Wireless communication

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