Three kinds of dithienothiophene/carbazole-based conjugated polymers (P1-P3), which bear acid-protected and benzoic acid pendants in P2 and P3, respectively, were synthesized via Suzuki coupling reaction. Interestingly, P1-P3 exhibited reversible electrochromism during the oxidation processes of cyclic voltammogram studies, and P3 (with H-bonds) revealed the best electrochromic property with the most noticeable color change. According to powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, these polymers exhibited obvious diffraction features indicating bilayered packings between polymer backbones and π-π stacking between layers in the solid state. Compared with the XRD data of P2 (without H-bands), H-bonds of P3 induced a higher crystallinity in the small-angle region (corresponding to a higher ordered bilayered packings between polymer backbones), but with a similar crystallinity in the wide angle region indicating a comparable π-π stacking distance between layers. Moreover, based on the preliminary photovoltaic properties of PSC devices (P1-P3 blended individually with PCBM acceptor in the weight ratio of 1:1), P3 (with H-bonds) possessed the highest power conversion efficiency of 0.61% (with J sc = 2.26 mA/cm 2, FF = 29.8%, and V oc = 0.9 V). In contrast to P2 (without H-bands), the thermal stability, crystallinity, and electrochromic along with photovoltaic properties of P3 were generally enhanced due to its H-bonded effects.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|State||Published - 15 Dec 2012|
- functionalization of polymers
- heterocyclic conjugated polymer
- solar cell
- supramolecular structures