Synthesis of Liquid Crystalline Polysiloxanes and Polymethacrylates with Broad Temperature Ranges of the Chiral Smectic C Phase

Chain-Shu Hsu*, Li Jen Shih, Ging Ho Hsiue

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The synthesis of side-chain liquid crystalline polysiloxanes and polymethacrylates containing oligooxyethylene spacers and 4-(S)-2-methyl-l-butyl [[(4-hydroxybiphenyl-4′-yl)carbonyl]oxy]benzoate mesogenic side groups is presented. Differential scanning calorimetry, optical polarizing microscopy, and X-ray diffraction measurements reveal chiral smectic mesomorphism for all polymers. All three polysiloxanes present enantiotropic smectic A and chiral smectic C phases. The chiral smectic C phase covers a very broad temperature range (about 200°C). Among polymethacrylates prepared in this study, the polymethacrylate which contains three oxyethylene units in its spacer is the only one revealing smectic A and chiral smectic C phases. The results seem to demonstrate that the tendency toward a chiral smectic C phase increases with increasing the flexibility of the polymer backbone and the oligooxyethylene spacer can increase dramatically the thermal stability of the chiral smectic C phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3161-3167
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993

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