Synthesis of La0.6Ca0.4Co0.8Ir0.2O3 perovskite for bi-functional catalysis in an alkaline electrolyte

Yun Min Chang, Pu-Wei Wu*, Cheng Yeou Wu, Yu Chi Hsieh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The amorphous citrate precursor method was employed to prepare perovskite of La0.6Ca0.4Co0.8Ir0.2O3 as a bi-functional electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction and evolution in an alkaline electrolyte. The X-ray diffraction pattern of the as-synthesized powders exhibited a majority phase identical to that of La0.6Ca0.4CoO3, indicating successful incorporation of Ir4+ at the Co cation sites. Scanning Electron Microscope images demonstrated a foam-like microstructure with a surface area of 13.31 m2 g-1. For electrochemical characterization, the La0.6Ca0.4Co0.8Ir0.2O3 particles were supported on carbon nanocapsules (CNCs) and deposited on commercially available gas diffusion electrodes with a loading of 2.4 mg cm-2. In current-potential polarizations, La0.6Ca0.4Co0.8Ir0.2O3/CNCs revealed more enhanced bi-functional catalytic abilities than La0.6Ca0.4CoO3/CNCs. Similar behaviors were observed in galvanostatic profiles for oxygen reduction and evolution at current densities of 50 and 100 mA cm-2 for 10 min. Moreover, notable changes from zeta potential measurements were recorded for La0.6Ca0.4Co0.8Ir0.2O3 relative to La0.6Ca0.4CoO3. In lifetime determinations, where a repeated 3 h sequence of oxygen reduction/resting/oxygen evolution/resting was imposed, La0.6Ca0.4Co0.8Ir0.2O3/CNCs delivered a stable and sustainable behavior with moderate degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1007
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume189
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2009

Keywords

  • Alkaline electrolyte
  • Bi-functional electrocatalyst
  • Oxygen evolution
  • Oxygen reduction
  • Perovskite

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