Synthesis of ferroelectric liquid crystalline polysiloxanes containing (S)-2-methylbutyl 4-alkyloxybiphenyl-4′-carboxylate and (2S, 3S)-2-chloro-3-methylpentyl 4-alkyloxybiphenyl-4′-carboxylate

Min Chi Liu, Yong Hong Lu, Chain-Shu Hsu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The synthesis of side-chain liquid crystalline polysiloxanes containing (S)-2-methylbutyl-4-alkyloxybiphenyl and (2S, 3S)-2-chloro-3-methylpentyl 4-alkyloxybiphenyl-4′-carboxylate moieties as mesogenic units and aliphatic spacers containing respectively three to eleven methylene units is presented. Differential scanning calorimetry, optical polarizing microscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements reveal chiral smectic mesomorphism for most of the obtained polymers. Two polysiloxanes that contain respectively three methylene units in their spacers exhibit an enantiotropic smectic A phase or no mesophase. Four polysiloxanes that contain respectively five, six and eleven methylene units in their spacers exhibit enantiotropic smectic A and chiral smectic C phases. The results seem to demonstrate that the tendency toward chiral smectic C mesomorphism increases with increasing spacer length. Incorporation of a chloro-containing chiral end group into the mesogenic core of a polymer will decrease the thermal stability of the mesophase formed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-329
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Research
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 1994

Keywords

  • Ferroelectric liquid crystal
  • Liquid crystal polymer
  • Polysiloxane

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