Synthesis of diamond hexagonal nanoplatelets by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition

Chun An Lu*, Li Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Variation of diamond deposition with temperature gradient was studied using standing-up substrates embedded within the plasma ball in microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD). The substrate is a polycrystalline diamond coated with a 30-nm thick iron film before deposition. Surface morphologies of the deposits and their crystalline characteristics were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and selected area diffraction. On the upper area of the specimen near the center of the plasma ball where the temperature is the highest (>1100°C), formation of diamond nanoplatelets in hexagonal shape with a thickness of 20-60 nm and side length of several hundreds of nanometers is found. In the middle region, diamond nanoparticles with some iron nanoparticles are observed. Around the bottom region with low temperature near the edge of the plasma ball, nanodiamonds, Fe nanoparticles, and carbon nanotubes coexisted. The relative temperature distributions of diamond and carbon nanotube growth are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2056-2062
Number of pages7
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2004
EventProceedings of the 9th International Conference on New Diamond - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 26 Mar 200429 Mar 2004


  • Electron microscopy
  • Morphology
  • Nanotubes
  • Platelets

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